The Minister for Justice and Minister for Integration held a joint press conference earlier today announcing the measures that will be put in place as regards the right to work for asylum seekers, and other issues relating to Ireland’s transposition of the EU Recast Reception Directive, which will occur on Friday, 29 June 2018. You can access the press release here and information video on the scheme here. Information documents on the new right to work provisions from the Department of Justice can be viewed here.
First, the good news:
- From Friday, about 3,000 qualifying asylum seekers will have a right to work in Ireland.
- There will be no restrictions as to occupational categories (except for civil servant positions, defence forces and Gardaí). The EU Recast Reception Conditions Directive could have provided significant scope to continue to exclude occupational categories. It is exceptionally positive that the Government is permitting asylum seekers effective access to the labour market.
- The ad-hoc freedom to work scheme will come to an end, meaning there will be no €1,000 charge for being granted an employment permit, nor will restrictions to occupations with a salary above €30,000 be applied.
- The Minister for Justice has committed to the application procedure for the employment permission to be streamlined. Hopefully staffing resources are in place to ensure that asylum seekers can gain their employment permission
- Asylum seekers who successfully enter the workplace, and who meet other qualifying conditions, will have access to certain employment support welfare payments.
News that is not surprising (although the Irish Times report today had got my hopes up…_):
- An asylum seeker will only be eligible for employment permission where her application has been pending before the International Protection Office for a period of 9 months. Currently, there is about a 20 month delay in getting an interview. Human rights obligations suggests that this 9 month period is too long, however maximum 6 month limitations have been seen by some UN human rights treaty bodies and the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission as being in compliance with the human freedom to work.
- Asylum seekers who currently are appealing a negative decision to the International Protection Appeals Tribunal will not be granted permission to work.
- Those whose asylum claims have been rejected, but whom are currently within the leave to remain system, will not be granted permission to work.
In addition to these restrictions and exclusions, qualifying asylum seekers who gain employment will, after 12 weeks, no longer be entitled to direct provision allowance of €21.60 per adult/per child.
It would have been preferable, even if it was an interim time-limited measure, in recognition of the significant numbers awaiting final determinations from the International Protection Appeals Tribunal at present, that such asylum seekers could have been granted the right to work. Such individuals may have been subject to direct provision for a significant period of time. Given the delays within the International Protection Appeals Tribunal, this would have been a welcome gesture in ensuring a larger number of asylum seekers could have their freedom to work recognised.
Nevertheless, even with these negatives, this is a significantly positive step by Ireland in finally after more than twenty years, recognising that the freedom to work for asylum seekers should not be withheld indefinitely.